Johnny Spaulding was a hunter, guide, scout, and a Black Hills area pioneer, who came to the area during the 1876 gold rush. Johnny built this two-story cabin in 1876. It was no ordinary cabin; the hand-hewn logs had been hauled from the hills between Crook City and Deadwood. The cabin was originally located on the Lower Redwater River just north of Highway 34 east near Belle Fourche. Pioneers made the cabin a safe haven during the early days of Butte County.
In 1960, the cabin was donated to the museum by the W.A. Helmer family. The Belle Fourche Lions Club took on the project, adding a side porch, shingled the roof, built a new chimney, and stained the logs.
In 2006, the Questers Club in Belle Fourche obtained a grant to help with the preservation of the Spaulding cabin, and during that year the museum and the City of Belle Fourche moved the cabin to the banks of the Belle Fourche River. The Lions Club constructed a new porch for the cabin and the Questers Club cleaned and furnished the cabin during the spring of 2007.
On June 14, 2007 the Tri-State Museum opened the Johnny Spaulding Cabin at its new location beside the new Museum building. The Cabin is open for visitation from Memorial Day to Labor Day, during complex hours; in the off-season it is open only by special request.